Hyperglycemia occurs when people with diabetes have too much sugar in their bloodstream.
Hyperglycemia should not be confused with Hypoglycemia(which is when blood sugar levels go too low). You should aim to avoid spending long periods of time with high blood glucose levels.
What causes hyperglycemia?
The underlying cause of hyperglycemia will usually be from loss of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas or if the body develops resistance to insulin.
More immediate reasons for #Hyperglycemia include:
-Missing a dose of diabetic medication, tablets or insulin
-Eating more carbohydrates than your body and/or medication can manage
-Being mentally or emotionally stressed (injury, surgery or anxiety)Contracting an infection
What are the symptoms of #Hyperglycemia?
The main symptoms of high blood sugar levels are:
-Weakness or feeling tired
-High blood glucose
-High levels of sugar in the urine
How to Treat Hyperglycemia.
You can often lower your blood glucose level by exercising. However, if your blood glucose is above 240 mg/dl, check your urine for ketones. If you have ketones, do NOT exercise.
Exercising when ketones are present may make your blood glucose level go even higher. You’ll need to work with your doctor to find the safest way for you to lower your blood glucose level.
Cutting down on the amount of food you eat might also help. Work with your dietitian to make changes to your meal plan. If exercise and changes in your diet don’t work, your doctor may change the amount of your medication or insulin or possibly the timing of when you take it.
-Insulin injection reduces sugar levels fast